A Comparative Study of Feature Selection Techniques in Machine Learning for Predicting Stock Market Trends

Adi Suryaputra Paramita, Shalomeira Valencia Winata

Abstract


This study aims to compare the effectiveness of three feature selection techniques, namely Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Information Gain (IG), and Recursive Feature Elimination (RFE), in predicting stock market conditions. This research uses three distinct Kaggle datasets that contain data for predicting stock market values. The results show that RFE performs better than PCA and IG in predicting market value with fairly precise accuracy. By using the RFE technique, this study was able to identify the most influential features in prediction, reduce the dimensionality of the data, and improve the performance of the prediction model. These provide significant benefits in the world of stocks, including improved investment decisions, reduced investment risk, improved trading strategy performance, and identification of promising investment opportunities. For future research, further comparative studies between other feature selection techniques can be conducted. This research has novelty in several aspects. First, it applies different feature selection techniques, namely Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Information Gain (IG), and Recursive Feature Elimination (RFE), in the context of stock market prediction. Utilizing these techniques to select the most relevant features in predicting stock market conditions provides a deeper understanding of the influence of these features on stock price movements. Furthermore, this research utilizes different datasets from Kaggle, which represent various stock market value predictions. The utilization of diverse datasets provides variation in the data and allows this research to examine the performance of feature selection techniques in multiple stock market contexts. In conclusion, this research provides insight into the effectiveness of feature selection techniques in stock market value prediction. It also provides actionable guidance for market participants to improve investment decisions and trading performance in the stock market.


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Journal of Applied Data Sciences

ISSN : 2723-6471 (Online)
Organized by : Computer Science and Systems Information Technology, King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Website : http://bright-journal.org/JADS
Email : taqwa@amikompurwokerto.ac.id (principal contact)
    husniteja@uinjkt.ac.id (managing editor)
    support@bright-journal.org (technical issues)

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